When travelling to Petrovaradin, Belgrade, Nis, Timisoara, the today submerged island of Ada Kaleh-New Orsova, and Alba Iulia (see the map here), one can admire huge fortresses that are testimonials of a consistent military past. Only few visitors know that these fortresses, that were built by the Austrian-Hungarians, were, in fact, all conceived by Swiss military engineer Nicolas Doxat (Yverdon 1682 - Belgrade 1738), who was called "the Austrian Vauban". Spending most of his life in the Balkans, Doxat was eventually sentenced to death and beheaded in Kalemgdan Belgrade Fortress by the Austro-Hungarians.
|Zefferino Grassi altar|
|Interior St. Sava Temple Belgrade|
Another magnificent example of his creation is the Temple of St. Sava situated downtown of Belgrade. Here again, the son worked embellishing the interiors of the temple as his father transforming artistically many wonderful places in Belgrade, for example, the French Embassy and the Jugo Export building as well as the House of the National Assembly of Serbia, stonecutting the sculptures like Karadjordje of Frano Krsinic.
- Giuseppe Mondada, Ticinesi in Jugoslavia, Bollettino Storico della Svizzera Italiana, 1964/07, pages 119-122.
- S. Stelling-Michaud, La mort de Nicolas Doxat et l'opinion publique dans le Pays de Vaud, Revue historique vaudoise, Band 44 (1936)
- E. Bähler, Tragisches Schicksal eines altbernischen Offiziers in österreichischen Diensten : Generalfeldmarschallieutenant Niklaus Doxat von Iferten geb. 1682, enthauptet in Belgrad am 25. März 1738, Neues Berner Taschenbuch, Band 7 (1901)